Victorian Era Student Lamps

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Victorian Era Student Lamps

(See also Student Sans Rival Chimney Page)

Student lamps using a 3/4" diameter circular wick were in use by 1860.  These lamps were of an Argand style, a circular wick without a flame spreader.  To obtain a bright light for reading, the flame had to be elongated, raised, to have the highest "flame front" possible.  With only a slender fuel and wick holder extended on a tube, with the fuel reservoir providing balance on the other side of the lamp, there was little material beneath the burner to induce shade.  The burner could also be adjusted for height.  It was then possible to adjust the lamp so that a book could be read beneath the light source without an annoying shadow.

Student lamps were made in a great variety of styles and qualities.  Many of them were saved from destruction when electric lighting became popular because they were literally works of art.  Many survived because they were converted to use electric light bulbs:  yes, people paid good money to destroy the value and utility of fabulous oil lamps.

There were dozens of manufacturers of student lamps, the most popular being Wild & Wessel, Plume & Atwood, E. Miller, Kleeman and of course Manhattan.  One of the best resources on the subject is "Student Lamps of the Victorian Era," by Richard C. Miller and John F. Solverson, published in 1992.  Copies may still be found on eBay and Amazon.

Student Lamp Chimney, Sans Rival design, 1.888" base diameter, 10 3/4" tall - Borosilicate glass, made in the USA from a mold made from an original German Sans Rival chimney.  $40.95

(Out-of-US delivery requires extra postage required for chimney - $5.00)

Custom wick for Manhattan & Kleeman Student Lamps.  Includes complete, illustrated installation and operating instructions. 1 1/4" flat X 4.5" long, 0.065" thick.  $8.95

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Manhattan Student Lamp

Burning with the Student Sans Rival Chimney

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Disassembled burner of Manhattan Student lamp burner on the left, showing the short wick sleeve with stud that rides up the center of the slot in the wick  tube.

At right, when the burner is turned the stud slides in the spiral groove to raise or lower the wick as the burner is turned.

 

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Heinrichs & Knopp Student Lamp, patented Dec 24.1872.

Heinrichs & Knopp wick sleeve

Heinrichs & Knopp original wick

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L&B Belgian, 1875

Wild & Wessel Harvard

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Cornucopia Design

Double Harvard Student Lamp

 

 

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Early American Metal Font & Specialty Lamps

Aladdin Lamp History

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Butterfly #2487, 16 wick stove Butterfly #2412 Pressure Stove; instructions for virtually any pressure stove.

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